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Definitions

1.
A) Leisure – 4) free or unoccupied time
B) Entertainment – 3) something that serves for amusement
C) Opportunity – 1) a favourable position or chance
D) Occupation – 2) a job or proffession

2.
A) Calm – 2) not excited, nervous or troubled
B) Intelligent – 1) able to think, understand, and to learn things quickly and well
C) Brave – 3) willing to do things which are difficult or dangerous
D) Independent – 4) free from outside control

3 .
A) Miniature – 5) a model or copy of something on a very small scale
B) Signature – 1) the name of a person or a sign representing his name, marked by himself
C) Adventure – 2) an exciting or dangerous experiance
D) Gesture – 4) a movement of part of the body to express am idea or meaning

4.
A) Tornado – 1) a violent storm with very strong winds
B) Flood – 4) an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits
C) Snowstorm – 2) a heavy fall of snow, especially with a high wind
D) Breeze – 5) a gentle wind

5.
A) Request – 2) an act of asking politely or formally for something
B) Refusal – 5) an act of saying ‘no’ to an invitation, offer, etc.
C) Advice – 4) a suggestion about what somebody should do in a particular situation
D) Response – 1) a spoken or written answer

6.
A) Service – 5) the action of helping or doing work for someone
B) Catalogue – 1) a book that contains pictures of things that ……….
C) Brand – 2) a product or group of products that has its own name
D) Purchase – 4) something that you buy

7.
A) Lie – 4) a statement that is not true
B) Compliment – 1) a police expression of praise or admiration
C) Flattery – 5) a false insincere praise
D) Prize – 2) An award given to the winner

8.
A) Contract – 5) a written legal agreement between two people or organizations
B) Quarrel – 4) an angry argument
C) Discussion – 3) the process of talking something over
D) Trial – 2) hearing and judging a person or case in a court

9 .
A) Conversation -4) an informal talk between people
B) Exclamation – 3) en emphatic or excited cry
C) Utterance -2) the act or process of speaking or expressing in words
D) Argument -1) an exchange of opposite views, typically an angry one

10 .
A) Ordinary -5) of common or established type, usual
B) Strange -1) odd, unusual, or extraordinary
C) Human -3) relating to or characterizing people
D) Hostile -2) showing strong dislike

11.
A) Match -1) a game in which individuals or teams compete
B) Situation -4) a set of circumstances
C) Incident -2) an event or occurrence
D) Performance -3) an act of presenting a play, concert, etc.

Match the words and their definitions

1.
A) Leisure – 4) free or unoccupied time
B) Entertainment – 3) something that serves for amusement
C) Opportunity – 1) a favourable position or chance
D) Occupation – 2) a job or proffession

2.
A) Calm – 2) not excited, nervous or troubled
B) Intelligent – 1) able to think, understand, and to learn things quickly and well
C) Brave – 3) willing to do things which are difficult or dangerous
D) Independent – 4) free from outside control

3 .
A) Miniature – 5) a model or copy of something on a very small scale
B) Signature – 1) the name of a person or a sign representing his name, marked by himself
C) Adventure – 2) an exciting or dangerous experiance
D) Gesture – 4) a movement of part of the body to express am idea or meaning

4.
A) Tornado – 1) a violent storm with very strong winds
B) Flood – 4) an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits
C) Snowstorm – 2) a heavy fall of snow, especially with a high wind
D) Breeze – 5) a gentle wind

5.
A) Request – 2) an act of asking politely or formally for something
B) Refusal – 5) an act of saying ‘no’ to an invitation, offer, etc.
C) Advice – 4) a suggestion about what somebody should do in a particular situation
D) Response – 1) a spoken or written answer

6.
A) Service – 5) the action of helping or doing work for someone
B) Catalogue – 1) a book that contains pictures of things that ……….
C) Brand – 2) a product or group of products that has its own name
D) Purchase – 4) something that you buy

7.
A) Lie – 4) a statement that is not true
B) Compliment – 1) a police expression of praise or admiration
C) Flattery – 5) a false insincere praise
D) Prize – 2) An award given to the winner

8.
A) Contract – 5) a written legal agreement between two people or organizations
B) Quarrel – 4) an angry argument
C) Discussion – 3) the process of talking something over
D) Trial – 2) hearing and judging a person or case in a court

9 .
A) Conversation -4) an informal talk between people
B) Exclamation – 3) en emphatic or excited cry
C) Utterance -2) the act or process of speaking or expressing in words
D) Argument -1) an exchange of opposite views, typically an angry one

10 .
A) Ordinary -5) of common or established type, usual
B) Strange -1) odd, unusual, or extraordinary
C) Human -3) relating to or characterizing people
D) Hostile -2) showing strong dislike

11.
A) Match -1) a game in which individuals or teams compete
B) Situation -4) a set of circumstances
C) Incident -2) an event or occurrence
D) Performance -3) an act of presenting a play, concert, etc.

12.
A) Production-5) the process of growing or making goods or materials
B) Amount -4) a sum of money
C) Equivalence-2) equality in value, amount, meaning
D) Substance-1) a kind of matter with particular properties

13.
A) Consideration-1) careful thought, typically over a period of time
B) Motive-2) a reason for doing something
C) Motion-3) the action or process of moving or being moved
D) Command-4) an order given to a person or an animal

14.
A) Flexible -4) able to make changes or deal with a situtaion that is changing
B) Reliable-1) good in quality or performance; able to be trusted
C) Predictable-3)always behaving or occurring in the way expected
D) Authentic-5) of undisputed origin and not a copy; genuine

15.
A) Dispute -5) an argument or a disagreement
B) Peace -2) the state existing during the absence of war
C) Treaty-4) a formal agreement between countries
D) Battle-3) a fight between large armed forces

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A Private Conversation

Last week I went to the theatre.I had a very good seat.The play was very interesting .I did not enjoy it.A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me.They were talking loudly. I got very angry .I could not hear the actors. I turned round .I looked at the man and the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention . In the end,I could not bear it.I turned round again.»I can’t hear a word!» I said angrily. » It’s none of your business,» the young man said rudely. «This is a private conversation!»

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Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Considered by many the greatest artist of his lifetime, and by some the greatest artist of all time, his artistic versatility was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his rival, the fellow Florentine and client of the Medici, Leonardo da Vinci.

A number of Michelangelo’s works of painting, sculpture and architecture rank among the most famous in existence. His output in these fields was prodigious; given the sheer volume of surviving correspondence, sketches and reminiscences, he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century. He sculpted two of his best-known works, the Pietà and David, before the age of thirty. Despite holding a low opinion of painting, he also created two of the most influential frescoes in the history of Western art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, and The Last Judgment on its altar wall. His design of the Laurentian Library pioneered Mannerist architecture. At the age of 74, he succeeded Antonio da Sangallo the Younger as the architect of St. Peter’s Basilica. He transformed the plan so that the western end was finished to his design, as was the dome, with some modification, after his death.

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Boston tea party

On 10th May 1773, demonstrators, some disguising themselves as Native Americans, descended on an entire shipment of tea that had been sent by the East India Company and destroyed it. They did this by boarding the ships and throwing all the chests of the tea into Boston Harbor. On 16th December 1773, Sons of Liberty organized a political protest in Boston, Massachusetts in defiance of the Tea Act. This is what came to be known as the Boston Tea Party.

Origin

The Boston Tea Party can be attributed to a couple of issues that confronted the British Empire in 1765. The first was the financial problems that were facing the British East India Company and the second one was a dispute that was going on at the time, concerning the extent that the Parliament had over the British American colonies even when it had no elected representatives. An attempt to resolve this issue by the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain led by Lord North sparked a showdown which eventually would result in the revolution.

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Tea

Tea is one of the most popular drinks in the world. You make it by pouring hot water over the dried leaves of a tea plant. For centuries people believed that teas could cure illnesses, they used it as medicine. Today scientists know that tea contains chemicals that prevent cells from dying. Most teas have caffeine in them, a substance that makes you feel more active. Some people have problems drinking tea because it can cause sleeplessness.

The tea plant grows best in tropical and temperate places where rain falls throughout the year. Tea can be grown from sea level to about 2,000 metres, but the best quality grows in higher regions.

Tea comes from the leaves and buds of tea plants. Wild plants can be up to 9 metres high but on tea plantations they are cut back to a bush of about a metre in height so that workers can pluck the leaves easily. The plant produces pointed, leathery dark leaves, small white flowers and seeds that look like hazelnuts. It takes a plant three to five years before is ready for plucking.

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Helloween

Halloween is a celebration on the night of October 31. It is most practised in the United States and Canada. Children wear costumes and go to people’s homes saying “Trick or treat!” to ask for candy and people give it to them. The suggestion is: “Give me a treat or I will play a trick on you.” People mainly dress up as ghosts, witches, or other scary things for Halloween.