On 10th May 1773, demonstrators, some disguising themselves as Native Americans, descended on an entire shipment of tea that had been sent by the East India Company and destroyed it. They did this by boarding the ships and throwing all the chests of the tea into Boston Harbor. On 16th December 1773, Sons of Liberty organized a political protest in Boston, Massachusetts in defiance of the Tea Act. This is what came to be known as the Boston Tea Party.
The Boston Tea Party can be attributed to a couple of issues that confronted the British Empire in 1765. The first was the financial problems that were facing the British East India Company and the second one was a dispute that was going on at the time, concerning the extent that the Parliament had over the British American colonies even when it had no elected representatives. An attempt to resolve this issue by the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain led by Lord North sparked a showdown which eventually would result in the revolution.